(1750 – 1830) The term Neoclassicism refers to the classical revival in European art, architecture, and interior design that lasted from the mid-eighteenth to the early nineteenth century. This period gave rebirth to the art of ancient Rome and Greece and the Renaissance as an opposition to the ostentatious Baroque and Rococo art that preceded the movement. Although the movement spread throughout Western Europe, France and England were the countries that used the style most frequently in their arts and architecture, using the classical elements to express ideas of nationalism, courage, and sacrifice. The movement was inspired by the discovery of ancient Italian artifacts at the ruins of Herculaneum and Pompeii. Neoclassicism emphasized rationality and the resurgence of tradition. Neoclassical artists incorporated classical styles and subjects, including columns, pediments, friezes, and other ornamental schemes in their work. They were inspired by the work of Homer and Plutarch and John Flaxmann’s illustrations for the Illiad and Odyssey. Other classic models included Virgil, Raphael, and Poussin among others. Neoclassical painters took extra care to depict the costumes, settings, and details of classical subject matter with as much accuracy as possible. Much of the subject matter was derived from classical history and mythology. The movement emphasized line quality over color, light, and atmosphere.

Auguste Toulmouche
Album: Auguste Toulmouche
Date: 01/16/2008
Size: 16 items
Views: 137
Keywords: Neoclassicism, French, XIX

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Frederic Leighton
Album: Frederic Leighton
Date: 11/19/2007
Size: 103 items (110 items total)
Views: 1662
Keywords: Neoclassicism, Pre-Raphaelite, Academic, English, XIX

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Guillaume Seignac
Album: Guillaume Seignac
Date: 01/16/2008
Size: 32 items
Views: 208
Keywords: Neoclassicism, French, XIX

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Jacques-Louis David
Album: Jacques-Louis David
Date: 12/08/2007
Size: 104 items
Views: 323
Keywords: Neoclassicism, French, XVIII

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Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
Album: Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
Date: 11/10/2007
Size: 100 items (189 items total)
Views: 525
Keywords: Neoclassicism, French, XVIII

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Jean-Léon Gérôme
Album: Jean-Léon Gérôme
Date: 11/17/2007
Size: 203 items
Views: 592
Keywords: Neoclassicism, Orientalism, French, XIX

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John William Godward
Album: John William Godward
Date: 11/26/2007
Size: 126 items
Views: 787
Keywords: Neoclassicism, Pre-Raphaelite, English, XIX

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Lawrence Alma-Tadema
Album: Lawrence Alma-Tadema
Date: 11/18/2007
Size: 203 items
Views: 664
Keywords: Neoclassicism, Victorian, Dutch, XIX

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